The risk of thromboembolism (TE) is increased in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), mainly due to an increased risk of venous TE (VTE). The risk of arterial TE (ATE) is less pronounced, but an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases needs to be addressed in IBD patients. IBD predisposes to arterial and venous thrombosis through similar prothrombotic mechanisms, including triggering activation of coagulation, in part mediated by impairment of the intestinal barrier and released…

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