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Suboptimal Vaccination Administration in Mothers With Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Their Biologic-Exposed Infants.

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2021 Feb 20;:

Authors: Chiarella-Redfern H, Lee S, Jubran B, Sharifi N, Panaccione R, Constantinescu C, Benchimol EI, Seow CH

BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing complications from vaccine-preventable infections. We investigated the factors influencing vaccine administration in pregnant women with IBD and their infants, in addition to the safety of vaccination in the infants.
METHODS: This retrospective cohort study identified individuals from a tertiary referral clinic whose records were linked to a provincial vaccine database. We conducted χ 2 tests, Fisher exact tests, and logistic regression adjusting for age and disease duration to compare vaccine administration by medication class. Potential rotavirus vaccine adverse events were determined in infants of women with IBD.
RESULTS: We included 303 pregnant women and 262 infants. Vaccines were administered to women on biologic therapy as follows: hepatitis B virus (82.9%), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (82.1%), and hepatitis A virus (49.3%). The influenza vaccination was provided peripartum in 50.7% of patients. The measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine was provided to 89.3% of women before biologic initiation. Women treated with a biologic (adjusted odds ratio, 2.50; 95% confidence interval, 1.39-4.35) or immunomodulator (adjusted odds ratio, 4.00; 95% confidence interval, 2.22-7.69) were more likely to receive the Prevnar 13 and Pneumovax 23 vaccines than were unexposed individuals, but the overall proportion vaccinated was low (Prevnar 13, 35.7%; Pneumovax 23, 39.3%). At least 90% of infants received the measles-mumps-rubella-varicella vaccine and inactivated vaccines. Fourteen biologic-exposed children (19.2%) received the live rotavirus vaccine with no significant differences in adverse events compared with biologic-unexposed infants (7.1% vs 8.2%, P = 0.99).
CONCLUSIONS: Better education surrounding vaccine recommendations is required for both health care providers and individuals with IBD given poor pneumococcal, hepatitis A virus, and influenza vaccination rates. Inadvertent administration of the rotavirus vaccine in biologic-exposed infants did not result in more adverse events, raising the possibility of safety.

PMID: 33609034 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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