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Effectiveness of Dose De-escalation of Biologic Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Systematic Review.

Am J Gastroenterol. 2020 Nov;115(11):1768-1774

Authors: Little DHW, Tabatabavakili S, Shaffer SR, Nguyen GC, Weizman AV, Targownik LE

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: De-escalation of biologic therapy is a commonly encountered clinical scenario. Although biologic discontinuation has been associated with high rates of relapse, the effectiveness of dose de-escalation is unclear. This review was performed to determine the effectiveness of dose de-escalation of biologic therapy in inflammatory bowel disease.
METHODS: We searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception to October 2019. Randomized controlled trials and observational studies involving dose de-escalation of biologic therapy in adults with inflammatory bowel disease in remission were included. Studies involving biologic discontinuation only and those lacking outcomes after dose de-escalation were excluded. Risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.
RESULTS: We identified 1,537 unique citations with 20 eligible studies after full-text review. A total of 995 patients were included from 18 observational studies (4 prospective and 14 retrospective), 1 nonrandomized controlled trial, and 1 subgroup analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Seven studies included patients with Crohn’s disease, 1 included patients with ulcerative colitis, and 12 included both. Overall, clinical relapse occurred in 0%-54% of patients who dose de-escalated biologic therapy (17 studies). The 1-year rate of clinical relapse ranged from 7% to 50% (6 studies). Eighteen studies were considered at high risk of bias, mostly because of the lack of a control group.
DISCUSSION: Dose de-escalation seems to be associated with high rates of clinical relapse; however, the quality of the evidence was very low. Additional controlled prospective studies are needed to clarify the effectiveness of biologic de-escalation and identify predictors of success.

PMID: 33156094 [PubMed – in process]

Full Text Link: https://libkey.io/33156094