Association Between Vedolizumab Levels, Anti-vedolizumab Antibodies, and Endoscopic Healing Index in a Large Population of Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Dig Dis Sci. 2020 Oct 22;:

Authors: Yarur AJ, Deepak P, Casteele NV, Battat R, Jain A, Okada L, Osterman M, Regueiro M

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between serum vedolizumab (VDZ) concentrations and antibodies to VDZ (ATV) in a large cohort of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases. Furthermore, we evaluated the association between serum VDZ concentrations and a novel serum-based biomarker panel designated as the endoscopic healing index (EHI), developed and validated for identifying mucosal inflammation in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD).
METHODS: Retrospective study where results from patient samples submitted to a commercial clinical laboratory were included. Serum VDZ and ATV levels were analyzed using a drug-tolerant assay. In CD patients for whom both VDZ and EHI were available, VDZ concentrations were correlated with EHI. serum VDZ threshold analysis was performed using ROC curves, and the serum VDZ concentrations that best differentiated EHI < 20 (previously associated with endoscopic remission) were chosen.
RESULTS: A total of 9356 patients were included in the VDZ/ATV analysis. Detectable ATV was observed in 2.9% patients with significantly lower serum VDZ concentrations when compared to those with undetectable ATV [3.9 µg/mL (0-9.0) vs. 11.3 µg/mL (5.9-20.6), p < 0.0001]. Of the patients with serum VDZ result, 287 patients had a concomitant EHI test. An inverse correlation was observed between VDZ concentration and EHI (rho = - 0.20, p < 0.001). A serum VDZ concentration ≥ 15.7 µg/ml was best correlated wi th an EHI < 20 [AUROC: 0.67 (95% CI 0.57-0.77)].
CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of ATVs was low, but significantly associated with lower VDZ levels. A serum VDZ concentration threshold of ≥ 15.7 µg/ml was associated with endoscopic remission as defined by an EHI < 20.

PMID: 33089483 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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