Phenotype and Natural History of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Patients With Concomitant Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2020 May 20;:

Authors: Mintz MJ, Ananthakrishnan AN

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of autoimmune diseases is well recognized. Though studies have suggested that eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is more common in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), whether co-occurrence of EoE modifies natural history of IBD is unknown.
METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study at a referral center. Cases consisted of patients with IBD and EoE, with both diseases diagnosed using established criteria. Controls comprised patients with IBD without concomitant EoE. Two controls were selected per case and were matched for duration of IBD. Relevant covariates regarding disease presentation and natural history were extracted from the medical record and compared between the 2 groups.
RESULTS: A total of 95 IBD-EoE cases and 190 IBD controls were included in our study. The IBD-EoE group was diagnosed with IBD at a younger age than those with IBD alone (22.3 years vs 29.0 years; P < 0.001) and were more likely to be male (80.0% vs 45.8%; P < 0.001). There were no differences in medical or surgical therapy for IBD between the 2 groups. Among those with IBD-EoE, patients for whom IBD was diagnosed first presented more commonly with dysphagia (50.8% vs 26.9%; P = 0.04) and endoscopically had evidence of esophageal rings (50.0% vs 23.1%; P = 0.02) when compared with those where EoE was diagnosed first.
CONCLUSION: Patients with concurrent IBD-EoE are diagnosed at a younger age and more likely to be males but have similar natural history as those without EoE. There were differences in EoE phenotype based on whether the EoE or IBD was diagnosed first.

PMID: 32430501 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32430501?dopt=Abstract